ACNE- SYMPTOMS, CAUSES AND TREATMENT(PART 1)
Acne is a skin disorder that happens when oil and dead skin cells plug in your hair follicles. Acne is a chronic condition of inflammatory skin that causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples and generally appears on the face, forehead, neck, upper back, and legs. Acne is most prevalent among adolescents when activating sebaceous glands, but it can happen at any age. It’s not dangerous, but skin scars can be left. The glands generate oil and are stimulated in both men and women by male hormones generated by the adrenal glands.
- Excess oil production
- Oil-clogged hair follicles and dead skin cells
- Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgen). A variety of variables trigger acne, but an increase in androgen concentrations is believed to be the primary cause. Androgen is a sort of hormone that increases at the beginning of adolescence. It is transformed into estrogen in females. Higher concentrations of androgen cause the oil glands to develop under the skin. More sebum is produced by the enlarged gland. Excessive sebum may break down the pores’ cell walls, causing bacteria to develop.
OTHER CAUSES INCLUDE:
- Some medicines containing androgen and lithium
- Greasy cosmetics
- Hormonal modifications
- Emotional stress
Signs and symptoms of acne differ based on your condition’s severity. The following types are possible:
- Whiteheads : they stay under the skin and are tiny
- Blackheads : they are clearly noticeable, black and appear on the skin surface
- Papules : tiny, generally pink bumps, visible on the skin surface
- Pimples (pustules): clearly visible on the skin surface. At their foundation, they are red and have pus at the top
- Nodules : they are big, strong, painful lumps deeply integrated in the skin
- Cystic: visible on the skin surface. They’re painful and pus-filled. Cysts can be responsible for scars.
You can also read: WHITE SPOTS : CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT